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turkic.empire. The Sultanate of Rum seceded from the Great Seljuk Empire under Suleim

The Sultanate of Rum seceded from the Great Seljuk Empire under Suleiman ibn Qutulmish in 1077, following the Battle of Manzikert, with capitals first at İznik and then at Konya. It reached the height of its power during the late 12th and early 13th century, when it succeeded in taking Byzantine key ports on the Mediterranean and Black Sea coasts. In the east, the sultanate absorbed other Turkish states and reached Lake Van. Trade from Iran and Central Asia across Anatolia was developed by a system of caravanserai. Especially strong trade ties with the Genoese formed during this period. The increased wealth allowed the sultanate to absorb other Turkish states that had been established in eastern Anatolia (Danishmends, Mengujekids, Saltukids, Artuqids). The Seljuq sultans bore the brunt of the Crusades and eventually succumbed to the Mongol invasion in 1243 (Battle of Köse Dağ). For the remainder of the 13th century, the Seljuqs acted as vassals of the Ilkhanate. Their power disintegrated during the second half of the 13th century. The last of the Seljuq vassal sultans of the Ilkhanate, Mesud II, was murdered in 1308. The dissolution of the Seljuq state left behind many small Anatolian beyliks (Turkish principalities), among them that of the Ottoman dynasty, which eventually conquered the rest and reunited Anatolia to become the Ottoman Empire. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sultanate_of_Rum https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/R%C3%BBm https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seljuq_dynasty https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Byzantine%E2%80%93Seljuq_wars https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_the_Seljuk_Sultanate_of_Rum #Türk #Turkistan #Türkistan #Türkestan #Turkic #TurkishHistory #Turkish #Muslim #Islam #İslâm #Persia #Iran #Iraq #Afghanistan #Ghazi #Turcoman #Turkoman #Turkmen #Türkmen #Seljuk #سلجوق‎ #Saljuq #Seljuq #selçuklu #selçuk #map #history

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karisclhill. \"By embracing him, we embrace the set of values thay surrounded him in

"By embracing him, we embrace the set of values thay surrounded him in 1888 that teaches women they are of a lesser value and can expect to be dishonoured and abused." My favourite book of 2019 (so far!) which flips the sexist and misogynistic narrative of the Jack the Ripper murders on its head and gives Mary Ann, Annie, Elizabeth, Catherine and Mary Jane the voice they have to date been denied by history. Cannot recommend highly enough. . . . . . #Bookstagram. #Instabook. #Shelfie. #KarisReadsBook. #History. #TrueCrime. #WomensHistory.

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offaesthetics1. 𝔬𝔫𝔢 𝔬𝔣 𝔱𝔥𝔦𝔫𝔤𝔰 𝔦 𝔩𝔦𝔨𝔢 𝔞𝔟𝔬𝔲𝔱 𝔩𝔬𝔬𝔨𝔦𝔫𝔤 𝔞𝔱 𝔭

𝔬𝔫𝔢 𝔬𝔣 𝔱𝔥𝔦𝔫𝔤𝔰 𝔦 𝔩𝔦𝔨𝔢 𝔞𝔟𝔬𝔲𝔱 𝔩𝔬𝔬𝔨𝔦𝔫𝔤 𝔞𝔱 𝔭𝔦𝔠𝔱𝔲𝔯𝔢𝔰 𝔴𝔥𝔢𝔫 𝔶𝔬𝔲'𝔯𝔢 𝔶𝔬𝔲𝔫𝔤 𝔞𝔫𝔡 𝔞𝔩𝔰𝔬 𝔪𝔢𝔢𝔱𝔦𝔫𝔤 𝔟𝔞𝔠𝔨 𝔴𝔦𝔱𝔥 𝔬𝔩𝔡 𝔣𝔯𝔦𝔢𝔫𝔡𝔰 𝔶𝔬𝔲 𝔥𝔞𝔳𝔢𝔫'𝔱 𝔰𝔢𝔢𝔫 𝔦𝔫 𝔞 𝔩𝔬𝔫𝔤 𝔱𝔦𝔪𝔢 𝔦𝔰, 𝔣𝔬𝔯 𝔪𝔢, 𝔦𝔱'𝔰 𝔞 𝔤𝔩𝔦𝔪𝔭𝔰𝔢 𝔬𝔣 𝔴𝔥𝔬 𝔦 𝔴𝔞𝔰 🎥 𝕴 𝕴 #ladygaga #gaga #aesthetic #art #artist #black #future #past #history #teaser #inspiration #historia #ladygagafan #sztuka #artysta #history #hautecouture #astarisborn #artpop #thefame #monster

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Shah-i-Zinda — Dating back to the 11th century. On the northern outskirts of Samarkand, on the edge of Afrasiab hill, at the vast ancient cemetery, is a complex of mausoleums Shahi Zinda (Persian - “The Living King"), among which the most famous is the Mausoleum of Kussam ibn Abbas, a cousin of the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) #shahizinda #samarkand #samarqand🇺🇿 #uzbekistan #centralasia #ancient #history #silkroad #world #ancient #wanderlust #wanderer #inspiration #travel #nomad #globe #traveler

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Had to share this photo taken in the neighbourhood where I grew up. Every time I walk by this barn I admire it. • • #history #barn #oldbarn #buildings #grindrod #bc #britishcolumbia #beautifulbc #canada #mist #fog #redbarn #oldredbarn

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jennaherche. This Thursday, April 25, 2019 from 6-10pm, CHI ALI presents his book “

This Thursday, April 25, 2019 from 6-10pm, CHI ALI presents his book “Another Kind of Freedom” exclusively at Taj Lounge in NYC - Red Carpet and Cocktails on deck - music by DJ Red Alert. @chialidoc @chialibx @nikkimeetsworld @kooldjredalert @tajloungenyc @jennaherche @mysonnenygeneral #chiali #anotherkindoffreedom #chialigriffith #booklaunch #releaseparty #taj #tajnyc #tajlounge #launch #newyork #nyc #blackauthor #author #redalert #djredalert #jennaarcher #jennaherche #promorun #storyline #cocktails #music #history @_thelegion_ #thelegion #mysonne #mysonnelinen

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Dnes not matter where, just go😌To je také naše❤️ #like

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Old Naples Pier Pilings. Derelict have always fascinated me, human - made objects that lost the battle against nature. Mysterious, surreal... They cause feeling of nostalgia . . . . . #naplesflorida #naplesbeach #florida #derelict #oldpier #oldnaples #history #nostalgia #fascinating #naturewin #livit #livittime #discoverearth #naturephotography #nature_sultans #naturaleza #usa #FL #earth_shotz #life #landscapephotography #photographer #canon #piers #dereliction #ruinporn #ruins #wildwoods #beachphotography

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nxtlevel_construction. Reclaim, Repurpose, Reuse!
This barn in Mansfield, TX many years ago s

Reclaim, Repurpose, Reuse! This barn in Mansfield, TX many years ago served a purpose to someone as a horse barn. Today I start its new story. Always a great day being able to go back in time and save something someone put allot of time and effort in building. More pics to come! • • • • #reclaim #repurpose #reuse #antiquematerials #oldwood #horsebarn #history #redemption #ilovemyjob #homestead #farmstead #barnfind #barn

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friendsofthenycrrm. Went by the museum rather quickly the staff almost didnt get the photo

Went by the museum rather quickly the staff almost didnt get the photo of what appears to be a Loram RG 400 series railgrinder. Correct me if I'm wrong. A railgrinder is a maintenance of way vehicle or train used to restore the profile and remove irregularities from worn tracks to extend its life and to improve the ride of trains using the track. #norfolksouthern #norfolksouthernrailroad #museum #trainmuseum #railroad #railroadmuseum #train #locomotive #newyorkcentral #newyorkcentralrailroad #history #exhibit #museumexhibit #museumdispay #activerailroad #railgrinder #loram

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Disturbing Abeokuta....quick stop to see our chief warder @theo_lawson and the incredible work he is doing. He took time out to give us a tour of The Kuti museum. The museum officially opens on friday...you should check it out too. @toyinoshinaike @itsaduke @aishat_onitiri #restoration #preservation #history #kutimuseum #abeokuta

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turkic.empire. In the 1070s, after the battle of Manzikert, the Seljuk commander Sule

In the 1070s, after the battle of Manzikert, the Seljuk commander Suleiman ibn Qutulmish, a distant cousin of Malik-Shah I and a former contender for the throne of the Seljuk Empire, came to power in western Anatolia. In 1075, he captured the Byzantine cities of Nicaea (İznik) and Nicomedia (İzmit). Two years later, he declared himself sultan of an independent Seljuq state and established his capital at İznik. Suleiman was killed in Antioch in 1086 by Tutush I, the Seljuk ruler of Syria, and Suleiman's son Kilij Arslan I was imprisoned. When Malik Shah died in 1092, Kilij Arslan was released and immediately established himself in his father's territories. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sultanate_of_Rum https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/R%C3%BBm https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seljuq_dynasty https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Byzantine%E2%80%93Seljuq_wars https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_the_Seljuk_Sultanate_of_Rum https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Ince_minare_sculpture_1.jpg #Türk #Turkistan #Türkistan #Türkestan #Turkic #TurkishHistory #Turkish #Muslim #Islam #İslâm #Persia #Iran #Iraq #Afghanistan #Ghazi #Turcoman #Turkoman #Turkmen #Türkmen #Seljuk #سلجوق‎ #Saljuq #Seljuq #selçuklu #selçuk #history #native

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birds0fprey. Bon earth anniversaire!
.
Je suis Kai welcome to my page if you are ne

Bon earth anniversaire! . Je suis Kai welcome to my page if you are new here, feel free to ask questions in my Q&A tab or DM moi on appointments, work, or services, or sign up for my 25th May RootWork if you are in the Chicago land area! #earthday 😍😋💪🏽💪🏽💪🏽💪🏽💪🏽💪🏽🔥🗝✌🏾😎 . #roots #culture #method #hoodoo #history #community #notalightworker #rootwork #atr #traditions #tribal #indigenous #lesprit #southernconjure #folkmagick #sorcerie #magique #birds0fprey

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